In Kindergarten, students develop their roles as contributing members of a learning community. There is focus on developing their sense of self, identity as a learner, and their role in belonging to a larger group. As they engage in academic pursuits, they develop social emotional skills such as learning to name and regulate their emotions, express their wants and needs, and understand perspectives different from their own. Students practice social and emotional strategies throughout the day, while engaged in learning activities and during free play. Kindergarten students demonstrate responsibility, ownership, and confidence allowing them to take increased academic risk. Learning activities are stimulating, challenging and suited to the individual needs of the children.
Reading comprehension skills are developed through one-on-one reading with a teacher, guided reading groups, and interactive read-alouds. Kindergarten readers represent a range of skill levels, from those building their knowledge of early print decoding, to others who are integrating their decoding and sight word skills to decipher more complex texts. Across this range, students are supported in their growth through frequent, informal assessment and skilled adaptation of the reading program.
- 1. Learning the letter sounds
- 2. Learning letter formation
- 3. Blending
- 4. Identifying the sounds in words (Segmenting)
- Tricky words
At HIS, our Language program has been tailor-made to give students a thorough grounding in the main fiction and non-fiction text types and purposes for writing. Language units are progressive and guide students through a scaffolded process of reading, analyzing, writing and editing of texts. Each unit is supported by grammar, vocabulary and phonics practice.
When writing, students are encouraged to use a combination of phonetic spelling and conventional spelling. Students are supported in expressing their full ideas in written form, using pictures, labels, sentences, lists, and all other forms of recording.
Mathematicians in Kindergarten explore ideas, play games, and search for mathematical connections in the world around them. Students are encouraged to inquire, investigate, discuss, and construct as they explore in all mathematical areas. They participate in ongoing investigations developed within real-life contexts.
In Kindergarten, teaching time focuses on two main areas:
- Representing and comparing whole numbers
- Describing shapes and space.
More learning time in Kindergarten will be devoted to number than to other topics.
Students in Kindergarten will develop their observational skills by using their senses to gather and record information, and they will use their observations to identify patterns, make predictions and refine their ideas. They will explore the way objects and phenomena function, identify parts of a system, and gain an understanding of cause and effect relationships. Kindergarten students will examine change over varying time periods, and will recognize that more than one variable may affect change. They will be aware of different perspectives and ways of organizing the world, and they will show care and respect for themselves, other living things and the environment. Students will communicate their ideas or provide explanations using their own scientific experience.
Source: PYP Science Scope and Sequence
Students in Kindergarten will increase their understanding of their world, focusing on themselves, their friends and families and their environment. They will appreciate the reasons why people belong to groups, the roles they fulfill and the different ways that people interact within groups. They will recognize connections within and between systems by which people organize themselves. They will broaden their sense of place and the reasons why particular places are important to people, as well as how and why people’s activities influence, and are influenced by, the places in their environment. Kindergarten students will start to develop an understanding of their relationship with the environment. They will gain a greater sense of time, recognizing important events in their own lives, and how time and change affect people. They will become increasingly aware of how advances in technology affect individuals and the environment.
Social Studies Skills
- Formulate and ask questions about the past, the future, places and society
- Use and analyse evidence from a variety of historical, geographical and societal sources
- Orientate in relation to place and time
- Identify roles, rights and responsibilities in society
- Assess the accuracy, validity and possible bias of sources
Social Studies Strands
Source: PYP Social Studies Scope and Sequence